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 Camera   Imaging devices; devices that acquire images.
 Camera Link®   Camera Link® is a robust communications link using a dedicated cable connection and a standardized communications protocol.
 CCD  Charge-Coupled Device: a light-sensitive chip or image sensor used in scanners and digital cameras that converts light into proportional (analog) electrical current.
 CCD Back Illuminated  Means that the light is coming in the back side, rather than the front side. To make the light hit the backside, the CCD is flipped over and made very, very thin (about 10-15 micronst)
 CCD Bond Pads
  The pads, or 'bond pads', are how the electrical connections are made on a CCD. The bond pads are connected to traces (think of traces as wires) on the CCD. The trace/wire carries the electricity to the pixels and other CCD components (amplifiers, etc.) so that the device can function. They typicaly made of Indium, atomic number 49.
 CCD Front Illuminated
  Light enters the front side of the device on a front-illuminated CCD. All CCDs are front-illuminated until they are processed and become back-illuminated. A front-illuminated CCD is thus a CCD die that has been put into a package. Front-illuminated die are not thinned not bump-bonded.
 CCD readout 
 CDS  CDS = correlated double sampling
 Charge-Coupled Device
  A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a sensor for recording images. It is any array of silicon pixels.
 Charge Transfer Efficiency  When electrons (charge) are transferred from pixel to pixel, not every electron makes it into the next pixel. A few electrons are left behind in each transfer. How well this transfer is done, i.e. the ratio of how many electrons are transferred to how many were actually detected, is called charge transfer efficiency (CTE). Typically, this number is around 99.9990% for good quality CCDs, where perfect charge transfer is 100%. When a lot of charge is left behind with each transfer, a device is said to have bad CTE. If the CTE is bad enough, you can see streaks in the image. These streaks are caused by charge/electrons being left behind after transfer.
 Close  Dilation followed by an erosion. Closing removes dark spots isolated in bright regions and smoothes boundaries.
 Close Proper
  Proper Close Finite and dual combination of closing and opening operations. Proper Closing removes dark pixels isolated in bright regions and smoothes the boundaries of dark regions.
 CMOS  CMOS (pronounced see-moss) stands for complementary metal-oxide semiconductor CMOS is a major class of integrated circuits. CMOS chips include microprocessor, microcontroller, static RAM, and other digital logic circuits. The central characteristic of the technology is that it only uses significant power when its transistors are switching between on and off states. Consequently, CMOS devices use little power and do not produce as much heat as other forms of logic. CMOS also allows a high density of logic functions on a chip. CMOS image sensors also allow processing circuits to be included on the same chip, an advantage not possible with CCD sensors, which are also much more expensive to produce.
 C-Mount  A standard lens interface used on digital cameras. It is a 1 inch diameter,
 Coaxial Illumination 
 Color aliasing
  Color aliasing is caused by the color filters on a single CCD camera.
 Color reproduction
  Color reproduction is the process to reproduce colors on different devices.
 Collimation   Involves the use of a collimating lens to yield parallel flux lines for a light source
 Component Supplier   A manufacturer of machine vision (MV) optics, lighting, cameras (excluding smart cameras/smart sensors) or third party MV software. Distributors and OEMs are not considered component suppliers.
 Connectivity 4/8  Defines which of the surrounding pixels for any given pixel constitute its neighborhood.
 Connectivity - 4
  Only pixels adjacent in the horizontal and vertical directions are considered neighbors.
 Connectivity - 8
  All adjacent pixels are considered neighbors. Adjacent horizontal and vertical pixels and corner pixels
 Conversion Adjust Dynamic  Adjusts the dynamic of the image so that the lowest intensity in the image corresponds to the smallest value available in the new image type and the highest value corresponds to the highest value available in the new image data type. All pixel intensities
 Conversion Cast
 Casts the values too large to be represented in the new data type to the largest value available and values too small to the smallest value available.
 Conversion Shift #
  Available only for 16-bit to 8-bit conversion. Performs Shift # to the 16-bit image prior to converting it to an 8-bit data type. The value of Shift # depends on the dynamic of the image. For example, if you acquired the image with a 12-bit camera and you
 Conversion Custom
  Custom filtering using the kernel coefficients and size that you specify.
 Convolution-Highlight Details  Convolution kernel that highlights the edges of an image.
 Correlated double sampling  abbr. CDS
 CS-Mount  A relatively new industry standard used on digital cameras. It is a 1 inch 32 tpi (=threads per inch) interface with a flange-to-image plane distance of 17.526 mm.
 CSR  CSR = Camera_Status_Register
 CSR architecture  A convenient abbreviation of the following reference:

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