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 IEEE  The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.
 IEEE 1394 Trade Association  1394 Trade Association is a non-profit industry association devoted to the promotion of and growth of the market for IEEE 1394-compliant products. Participants in working groups serve voluntarily and without compensation from the Trade Association. Most participants represent member organizations of the 1394 Trade Association. The specifications developed within the working groups represent a consensus of the expertise represented by the participants. Background of the Trade Association and IEEE 1394. The 1394 Trade Association was founded in 1994 to support the development of computer and consumer electronics systems that can be easily connected with each other via a single serial multimedia link. The IEEE 1394 multimedia connection enables simple, low cost, high bandwidth isochronous (real time) data interfacing between computers, peripherals, and consumer electronics products such as camcorders, VCRs, printers, PCs, TVs, and digital cameras. With IEEE 1394 compatible products and systems, users can transfer video or still images from a camera or camcorder to a printer, PC, or television, with no image degradation. The 1394 Trade Association includes more than 170 companies and continues to grow. Members of the 1394 Trade Association. The 1394 Trade Association is comprised of more than 170 member companies.
 IIDC  The 1394 Trade Association Instrumentation and Industrial Control Working Group, Digital Camera Sub Working Group.
 IIDC V1.30
  IIDC 1394-based Digital Camera Specification Version 1.30 July 25, 2000. The purpose of this document is to act as a design guide for digital camera makers that wish to use IEEE 1394 as the camera-to-PC interconnect. Adherence to the design specifications contained herein do not guarantee, but will promote interoperability for this class of device. The camera registers, fields within those registers, video formats, modes of operation, and controls for each are specified. Area has been left for growth. To make application for additional specification, contact the 1394 Trade Association Instrumentation and Industrial Control Working Group, Digital Camera Sub Working Group (II-WG DC-SWG). http://www.1394ta.org/Technology/Specifications/
 IIDC V1.31
  IIDC V1.31 was published in January 2004, evolving the industry standards for digital imaging communications to include I/O and RS232 handling, and adding additional formats
 ILUT   Input Look Up Tables (a.k.a. format RAM): used for image data manipulation, ILUTs convert digitized image data in real-time and are often used to invert, threshold, or perform grayscale translations on the image.
 Image Exclusive OR
  Performs an Exclusive OR operation between the original input image and a constant or another image stored in the buffer. This is a bit-wise operation.
 Image Logical Difference
  Finds the logical difference between the original input image and a constant or another image stored in the buffer. This is a bit-wise operation.
 Image Mask
  Replaces pixels in the original input image that correspond to pixels with value 0 in the image mask as 0. The image mask is an 8-bit image that specifies the regions in the original input image to be modified. This is a pixel-by-pixel operation.
 Image Max
  Extracts the largest value between the original input image and a constant or another image stored in the buffer. This is a pixel-by-pixel operation.
 Image Min
  Extracts the smallest value between the original input image and a constant or another image stored in the buffer. This is a pixel-by-pixel operation.
 Image Not And
  Performs a logical NAND operation between the original input image and a constant or another image stored in the buffer. This is a bit-wise operation.
 Image Not Exclusive OR
  Performs an Exclusive NOR operation between the original input image and a constant or another image stored in the buffer. This is a bit-wise operation.
 Image Not OR
  Performs a logical NOR operation between the original input image and a constant or another image stored in the buffer. This is a bit-wise operation.
 Image OR
  Performs a logical OR operation between the original input image and a constant or another image stored in the buffer. This is a bit-wise operation.
 Image Processing
  In the broadest sense, image processing includes any form of information processing in which the input is an image. Many image processing techniques derive from the application of signal processing techniques to the domain of images — two-dimensional signals such as photographs or video. Typical problems are: • Geometric transformations such as enlargement, reduction, and rotation • Color corrections such as brightness and contrast adjustments, quantization,. or conversion to a different color space. • Combination of two or more images, e.g. into an average, blend, difference, or image composite. • Interpolation, demosaicing, and recovery of a full image from a mosaic image (e.g. a Bayer pattern, etc.). • Noise reduction and other types of filtering, and signal averaging. • Edge detection and other local operators. • Segmentation of the image into regions.
 Image Processor Board  For purposes of the MV market study, an Image Processor Board is the same as a Vision Processor Board and Embedded Vision Processor Board. Unlike Frame grabbers, these boards are characterized by complex image processing capabilities; that is, they typically have more than 2 image processing functions. Also see "Frame grabber".
 Imaging Board  See "Frame Grabber" and" Image Processor Board"
 Imaging Sensor Chip  A sub-component in a camera that converts light reflected off an image into electrical pulses for capture and manipulation
 Image Source
  The original input image.
 Imaging Addition    
  Adds a constant or an image to the original input image. This is a pixel-by-pixel operation.
 Imaging And
  Performs a logical AND operation between the original input image and a constant or another image stored in the buffer. This is a bit-wise operation.
 Imaging Divide
  Divides the original input image by a constant or another image. This is a pixel-by-pixel operation.
 Imaging Multiply
  Multiplies the original input image by a constant or another image. This is a pixel-by-pixel operation.
 Image Subtraction
  Subtracts a constant or an image from the original input image. This is a pixel-by-pixel operation.
 Infrared  Infrared (abbr. IR) is the region beyond the visible spectrum at the red end, typically greater than 770 nm. see IR cut filter
 Interline Transfer CCD
  Interline transfer CCD or just interline CCD is a type of CCD in which the parallel register is subdivided so that, like a Venetian blind, opaque strips span and mask the columns of pixels. The masks act as storage areas. When the CCD is exposed to light, the image accumulates in the exposed areas (photosites) of the parallel register. In the serial register, the entire image is under the interline mask when it shifts for CCD readout. It is possible to shift the integrated charge quickly (200 ns) under the storage areas. Since these devices function as a fast shutter (or gate), they are also sometimes referred to as gated interline CCDs. >> See microlens
 IR  IR is the abbreviation for Infrared
 IR Cut Filter
 As color cameras can see infrared radiation as well as visible light, these cameras are usually equipped with an IR cut filter, to prevent distortion of the colors the human eye can see. To use the camera in very dark locations or at night, this filter can be removed, to allow infrared radiation to hit the image sensor and thus produce images.
 Isochronous Transmission Mode  Isochronous transmission mode is a mode supported by IEEE 1394 (FireWire). IEEE 1394 supports a guaranteed data path bandwidth and allows for real-time transmission of data to/from 1394 devices. Isochronous data transfers operate in a broadcast manner, where one or many 1394 devices can listen to the data being transmitted. The emphasis of isochronous data transfers is placed on guaranteed data timing rather than guaranteed delivery. Multiple channels (up to 16) of isochronous data can be transferred simultaneously on the 1394 bus. Since isochronous transfers can only take up a maximum of 80 percent of the 1394 bus bandwidth, there is enough bandwidth left over for additional asynchronous transfers. >> See also Asynchronous transmission mode
 Integrated Machine Vision Product Supplier   A builder of standalone (turnkey) or near standalone machine vision systems intended for sale to groups of customers. Included are producers of smart cameras/smart sensors, embedded vision processors/computers and ASMV systems. Excluded are systems created by System Integrators.
 ISA/EISA  Industry Standard Architecture: a 16-bit PC bus. The original PC bus architecture. Extended ISA is a bus architecture that extended the 16-bit ISA bus to 32 bits.




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